2 edition of Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax found in the catalog.
Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax
2009 by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team in Morgantown, W. Va .
Written in English
|Statement||Linda M. Wilson ... [et al.] ; in cooperation with Susan Turner ... [et al.].|
|Series||Technology transfer, Biological control, FHTET -- 2005-13|
|Contributions||Wilson, Linda M., United States. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.|
|LC Classifications||SB615.D29 B56 2009|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 116 p. :|
|Number of Pages||116|
|LC Control Number||2009416889|
Unfortunately, an ideal yellow toadflax biological control agent has yet to be identified; the approved agents discussed above can contribute to the overall erosion of the weed’s fitness, and therefore merit consideration when an integrated weed management approach is . Monitor and control Toadflax in the holding areas. Purchase weed-free seed or hay. CHEMICAL CONTROL [Adapted from Lajeunesse in Sheley and Petroff ] Yellow Toadflax is difficult to control with herbicides due to its high genetic variability, waxy leaf surface, soil type, and biology. Pulling or cultivating small Dalmatian toadflax plants can be an effective control method, as long as the plants are young, before they go to seed. The entire lateral roots need to be removed and an herbicide treatment may be necessary. Mowing alone will not control Dalmatian toadflax. Timely mowing can reduce the amount of seed produced.
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Canada is a world leader in biological control research. Reporting the status of biocontrol agents released in Canada over the last decade, this book presents case studies by target pest that evaluate the impact of biocontrol and recommend future priorities. Biology and biological control of dalmatian and yellow toadflax / Related Titles.
Series: FHTET (Series) ; Series: Technology transfer (United States. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team) Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax book. Wilson, Linda M. Dalmatian toadflax has been a target for biological control in North America since the s.
The stem-mining weevil Mecinus janthiniformis. Details - Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax / - Biodiversity Heritage Library The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
Biology and host specificity of Mecinus janthinus Germar (Col.: Curculionidae), a candidate for the biological control of yellow and Dalmatian toadflax, Linaria vulgaris (L.) Mill. and Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. (Scrophulariaceae) in North by: 4.
Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax (PDF | MB) (FHTET) Morgantown, West Virginia: U.S. Forest Service Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. View all resources for Dalmatian Toadflax. chlorsulfuron (Telar) Idaho and Washington only.
Rate to oz ai/a (2 to 3 oz/a Telar). Time Apply to actively growing yellow toadflax in the bud to bloom stage. Remarks Suppresses yellow toadflax.
Selective to grasses. Use a penetrating surfactant. Spray to wet. Caution Do not let spray drift onto sensitive crops. Apply only to non-cropland.
Yellow toadflax can be controlled by mechanical, chemical and biological means. Hand remove small infestation and be sure to remove lateral roots to prevent new growth; mowing and tilling will control it but not eliminate yellow toadflax.
General herbicides like Glyphosate applied at early blooms provides some seasonal control. Ward. Biology and Biological Control of Dalmatian and Yellow Toadlax. USDA Forest. Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, West Virginia.
FHTET Cover photos (L to R): Dalmatian toadlax (K. George Beck & James Sebastian, Colorado. Wilson LM, Sing SE, Piper GL, Hansen RW, De Clerck-Floate RA, MacKinnon DK, Randall CB () Biology and biological control of dalmatian and yellow toadflax.
USDA Forest Service, FHTET, Morgantown, USA. Download referencesCited by: 6. • Dalmatian and Yellow Toadflax: Stem Weevils • Leafy Spurge: Red- Headed Leafy Spurge Stem Boring Beetle • Leafy Spurge: Flea Beetle • Spotted Knapweed: Knapweed Root Weevil Contact the Montana Biological Control Coordination Project or reference Montana NRCS Invasive Species Technical Notes for additional information.
increase as biological control of diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa) is achieved in the drier regions of these areas. Toadflax plants plants. Bright yellow, ‘snapdragon-like’ flowersdisplace native vegetation, thereby altering the species composition of natural communities.
In North America, Dalmatian toadflax and the closely. There are a number of Dalmatian toadflax agents to help control the spread of this noxious weed. The insectary is currently working with the stem boring weevil, Mecinus janthiniformis, and the foliage feeding moth, Calophasia lunula.
We do not recommend M. janthinus for controlling Dalmatian toadflax. Yellow toadflax. UGA Both Dalmatian and yellow toadflax are taprooted, short-lived perennial forbs that propagate by seeds and shoots growing from vegetative root buds.
Toadflaxes belong to the genus Linaria in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae. Both of these highly competitive and invasive plants were introduced to North America from EurasiaCited by: Get this from a library.
Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax. [Sharlene E Sing; United States. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team,]. Morphological, molecular and biological evidence reveal two cryptic species in Mecinus janthinus Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae), a successful biological control agent of Dalmatian toadflax, Linaria dalmatica (Lamiales, Plantaginaceae).
Dalmatian toadflax has been a target for biological control in North America since the s. The stem-mining weevil Mecinus janthiniformis was first released in Canada and the western United States in the mids. Sincea citizen-based monitoring program in Idaho, USA has supplemented data collection to help evaluate the impact of M.
janthiniformis on Dalmatian toadflax Cited by: 5. A WEED REPORT from the book Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States Yellow toadflax. livestock and contains quinazoline alkaloids that are moderately toxic.
Fire is not effective because the underground root system is not damaged and will Size: KB. A species profile for Yellow Toadflax from USDA, National Invasive Species Information Center.
Biology and Biological Control of Dalmatian and Yellow Toadflax, 3rd Edition (Jul ) USDA. Linaria vulgaris. [Accessed ]. Zouhar, K. The toadflax stem weevil, Mecinus janthinus is a biocontrol agent used in Washington state to control Dalmatian toadflax.
Mecinus janthinus 's larvae feed (or mine) within the plant's stems, which inhibits the transportation of nutrients, resulting in premature wilting of shoots and reduced flower production. Yellow toadflax, Linaria vulgaris, is a common herbaceous weed across much of North America.
It prefers well drained coarse soils in disturbed, open habitats and can grow at high elevations. This native of southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia was intentionally introduced to North America as early as the mid ’s for horticultural and medicinal purposes.
Linaria vulgaris, common or yellow toadflax, and Linaria dalmatica, Dalmatian toadflax (Plantaginaceae), are Eurasian perennial forbs invasive throughout temperate North Linaria species have been the targets of classical biological control programmes in Canada and the USA since the s.
The first effective toadflax biological control agent, Cited by: 2. Mecinus janthinus is not yet generally available in the US. References.
Jeanneret, P. and D. Schroeder. Biology and host specificity of Mecinus janthinus Germar (Col.: Curculionidae), a candidate for the biological control of yellow and Dalmatian toadflax, Linaria vulgaris (L.) Mill.
and Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. (Scrophulariaceae), in. Dalmatian toadflax. Banvel, Clarity. Timing: Early postemergence in spring before toadflax reaches bloom stage. Remarks: Dicamba is a selective herbicide for broadleaf species. In a California study, 2 lb a.e./acre gave partial control of Dalmatian toadflax at the rosette stage, and poor control when applied at the bolting or dormant stage.
owners to control Dalmatian toadflax on private and public lands throughout the county (control means to prevent all seed Biological Control Biocontrol agents are available to use against toadflax. Their effectiveness has not been fully evaluated, but in the long term these insects can help reduce the More effective on yellow toadflax File Size: KB.
The Forest Health Assessment & Applied Sciences Team (FHAAST) produces publications, reports, and posters that address forest health-related disturbances.
Topics include forest insects and diseases, native and invasive species, biological control, biopesticides, aerial survey, forest disturbance detection and risk assessment.
Mecinus janthinus (yellow toadflax stem weevil) is very difficult if not impossible to distinguish from M. janthiniformis (Dalmatian toadflax stem weevil) in the field.
These weevils are also species specific, meaning that the yellow toadflax weevil will only impact yellow toadflax and the Dalmatian toadflax weevil will only impact Dalmatian. See also WA 21, Dalmation toadflax (Linaria Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria dalmatica) is a short-lived perennial herb adapted to cool, semi-arid climate and coarse-textured soils in N.
America; it was introduced from the NE Mediterranean region. Seedlings do not compete effectively for soil moisture with established perennials and quickly maturing winter by: Dalmatian Toadflax, Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.
(Scrophulariaceae), is an important weed of rangelands, agricultural crops and waste areas in North America. The literature is less extensive than for the closely related yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris Mill.).Introduced from Eurasia as an ornamental plant into North America byit became naturalized in seven Canadian Cited by: Proceedings of the XV International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds Catalog of Species Introduced into Canada, Mexico, the USA, or the USA Overseas Territories for Classical Biological Control of Arthropods, to New Invaders of the Southeast New Invaders of the Southwest New Invaders of the Northeast and Northcentral New Invaders of the Northwest.
Wilson LM, Sing SE, Piper GL, Hansen RW, DeClerke-Floate R, MacKinnon DK, Randall CB. Biology and Biological Control of Dalmatian and Yellow Toadflax.
Morgantown (WV): US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team FHTET Gymnetron linariae is not yet generally available.
Reference. Jordan, K. Gymnetron linariae. Panzer (Col., Curculionidae), a candidate for biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax in North America. Intl. Inst. of Biol. Control European Station Final Report. 37 pp. Back to Weed-feeders Table of Contents. approved biological control agents Mecinus janthiniformis Adult Mecinus janthiniformis, or the toadflax stem weevil, are small, somewhat elongated bluish black weevils which emerge from last year’s Dalmatian toadflax stems in April-May.
In British Columbia, Dalmatian toadflax occurs most frequently in the Southern Interior invading open, low-elevation, coniferous forests and adjacent shrub-steppe habitat. It is most commonly found on sandy or gravely soil on roadsides, railroads, pastures, cultivated fields. Similar biological control methods are being used to control epidemic infestations of dalmatian toadflax and yellow toadflax in the Boise Basin CWMA, Idaho.
Biological control is being used here where the extent of infestation is over the 1, – 2, hectare size, and standard. Plants are often stunted and tops of the plant are riddled with holes caused by adult feeding.
This insect flies well and seeks out new toadflax patches. It is important for landowners to know if their weed population is Dalmatian or Yellow toadflax. Mecinus janthiniformis is a very effective biocontrol against Dalmatian but not Yellow toadflax. Biology and Biological Control of Dalmatian and Yellow Toadflax; Biology and Biological Control of Yellow Starthistle; Biological Control of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid; Biology and Biological Control of Garlic Mustard; Biological Control: A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America; Backpack treatment of kudzu.
Mecinus janthinus yellow toadflax. Common Name. Yellow toadflax stem weevil. Weed Impacted. This beetle attacks yellow toadflax but looks identical to M. janthiniformis which attacks Dalmatian toadflax.
Larval feeding (or mining) within stems inhibits the ability of the plants to transport nutrients, resulting in premature wilting of shoots and reduced flower.
Dalmatian toadflax is listed as a noxious weed in most of the western United States, but control of this species has not been extensively studied in California. Studies in other states show effective control of Dalmatian toadflax with picloram, but this herbicide is not registered for use in by: 7.
Cultural (Cult) Biological control agents, livestock grazing, and revegetation practices. Chemical (Chem) Salt Lake County Weed Control Program.
Dalmatian toadflax: weevil used as biocontrol agent Biology and biological control of dalmation and yellow toadflax [PDF file]. Genetic Variation in Invasive Populations of Yellow Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) in the Western United States - Volume 56 Issue 3 - Sarah M.
Ward, Scott D. Reid, Judy Harrington, Jason Sutton, K George Beck.Toadflax seed capsule weevil. Weed Impacted. Larvae inhibit reproduction of yellow toadflax by feeding on immature seeds.
Seed production was reduced by 90% at some sites in Washington, but elsewhere (Canada) reductions of 20 to 25% have been more typical. Adults may affect the growth of toadflax plants by feeding on flowers and young shoots.